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Número 33 - Abril de 2012     

Artículos
Visita guiada
Colombia a través de la fotografía
Malcolm Deas

En unas biografías Malcolm Deas aparece como colombianólogo, en otras lo tratan de colombianista y en las más recientes es un colombiano a secas. En 2008 el historiador inglés recibió nuestro pasaporte gracias a su curiosidad, sus libros, sus imaginaciones, sus ideas y su memoria sobre este país. Recorrimos con él su álbum de historia de Colombia. 5 láminas.

Malcolm Deas
 

El General Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera en la prisión del Observatorio

“En esta foto vemos al presidente Mosquera jugando ajedrez con su sirviente después de que lo tumbaron del poder en 1867. Mosquera se hizo fotografiar en esta actividad para mostrarle a su público que él con su grandeza sabía manejar tanto los buenos como los malos tiempos. Mandó a hacer copias de esta fotografía para distribuirla entre los ‘Mosqueristas’, convirtiendola en la primera imagen tomada con fines políticos y publicitarios en el país”.

El General Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera en la prisión del Observatorio jugando ajedrez con su sirviente Francisco Montenegro, 1867.
 

“Vargas Vila fue el primer colombiano que hizo fortuna con la pluma y en su momento se consideró el gran corruptor de la juventud del país. Fue un novelista bastante planfetario, se fue al exilio después de la guerra civil de 1885… su talento para vituperar, su anticlericalismo, su antiimperialismo y sus tramas eróticas le proporcionaron grandes ventas”.

El divino José María Vargas Vila con los poetas Rafael Maya y Castañeda Arango

El divino José María Vargas Vila con los poetas Rafael Maya y Castañeda Arango, Barranquilla, 1924. Anónimo, Archivo Cromos, Bogotá.
 

Dos oficiales del “detectivismo”, Medellín, ca. 1950.

“En esta fotografía vemos a dos detectives judiciales, la Sijin de la época. Es una imagen romántica, casi cinematográfica, ellos nunca se imaginaron en lo que se iba a convertir su profesión en Medellín unas décadas después”.

Dos oficiales del “detectivismo”, Medellín, ca. 1950. Anónimo. Carlos Rodríguez. Fondo Carlos Rodríguez, Archivo Histórico de Antioquia, Gobernación de Antioquia.    

“Esta es una foto muy poco conocida del 9 de Abril, yo no puse mucho del 9 de abril porque es muy fotografiado. Cada aniversario sacan fotos de los tranvías quemados, pero esta foto es muy desconocida, de un fotógrafo muy desconocido. Muestra el incendio, los machetes y la gente de un modo  muy  romántico.  Decidí  no  escoger  sino  dos fotos  del  9  de Abril:  una  sobre  los  muertos  en  el

cementerio y ésta. La fotografía del 9 de abril estaba en un libro alemán sobre Colombia, que salió en el año 50, pero es muy claro, que no es el mismo fotógrafo que el resto de las fotos en el libro. La mayoría de las fotos de ese libro no tienen nada que ver con política, son de paisajes, campesinos y cosas que no tienen que ver con eso, y de golpe en medio, sale una foto del 9 de Abril”.

 
El Bogotazo. 1948. Erich Arenft.
El Bogotazo. 1948. Erich Arenft.
Escena de una excursión campestre en Nariño, ca. 1928
Escena de una excursión campestre en Nariño, ca. 1928
 

“Para cerrar la exposición escogí esta foto que es de una pequeña fiesta campestre en Nariño a fines de los años 20: se ven los pastusos chiquitos, aquí bailando en este paisaje, y después de tantos horrores me parece bueno que es un momento de felicidad.

Porque hablando en general Colombia es muy autónomo: bueno malo se maneja por colombianos, que no hay gringos ni ingleses, que valen huevo, que tiene mucha autonomía, mucha vitalidad además de mucha pobreza o mucho problema”.

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